Also known as doira, this
tambourine has small metal rings and sometime pellet
bells attached to the inside of the frame. Playing
techniques involve snapping the fingers against the
head. Drums such as this are found in Iran, Turkey,
China, Azerbaijan, and Afghanistan, among other places.
A similar drum called daf
(bottom photo) is used in Iran and features a series
of 4 interlinked rings where on a ghaval
(dayereh in Iran) there is a single ring.
When the drum is tilted forward, the rings can touch
the skin for a buzzing sound and the technique involves
shaking the frame to create additional rhythms. The
sound sample is of a ghaval.